How was it formed, its
history, the letters used and the power from using it.
Sanskrit is regarded as the ancient language in Hinduism, where it was used as a means of communication and dialogue by the Hindu Celestial Gods, and then by the Indo-Aryans. Sanskrit is also widely used in Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism. The term ‘Sanskrit’ is derived from the conjoining of the prefix ‘Sam’ meaning ‘samyak’ which indicates ‘entirely’, and ‘krit’ that indicates ‘done’. Thus, the name indicates perfectly or entirely done in terms of communication, reading, hearing, and the use of vocabulary to transcend and express an emotion. An extraordinarily complex language with a vast vocabulary, it is still widely used today in the reading of sacred texts and hymns.
The Sanskrit language was termed as Deva-Vani (‘Deva’ Gods - ‘Vani' language) as it was believed to have been generated by the god Brahma who passed it to the Rishis (sages) living in celestial abodes, who then communicated the same to their earthly disciples from where it spread on earth. The origin of the language in written form is traced back to the 2nd millennium BCE when the Rig Veda, a collection of sacred hymns, is assumed to have been written after being continued for centuries through oral tradition and preservation of verbal knowledge in the Guru-Disciple relationship. The purity of this version (Vedic period, 1500 – 500 BCE) of Sanskrit is doubtlessly reflected in the flamboyance of the perfect description of the forces of nature in the Rig Veda.
The fact that the same language is used for computations(Vedic mathematics, astronomy etc.), music (Gndhrv Veda), medicine(Ayurveda), programming, poetry(all major works in Sanskrit), logic(Drshn), formulas(Sulbh Sutr, astronomy and all others), politics(Arth Shastr), warrior arts(Dhnur Veda), atomic theory(Vaisheshik drshn) without using any extra symbols and diagrams make it truly amazing and incredible.
There are 54 letters in the Sanskrit alphabet. Each has masculine and feminine, shiva and shakti giving total of 108 alphabets. These are properly arranged i.e. each row of alphabets are spoken from particular part of mouth or throat or nose. Due to this scientific nature of the method of pronunciation of the vowels and consonants in the Sanskrit, every part of the mouth is exercised during speaking. This results into speakers of Sanskrit being able to pronounce words from any language.
'for example, here are some Sanskrit words interpreted'
Ahimsa: a-HIM-sah Non-violence; compassion for all living things. Ahimsa is the first of the Yamas, or moral codes in yoga to live by.
Ananda: A-nun-dah Defined as ecstasy, a state of complete bliss and love. Ananda Balasana in Sanskrit is Happy Baby Pose
Ardha: AR-dha Translates to “half,” as in Ardha Chandrasana or Half Moon Pose
Asana: A-sa-na The physical postures of yoga. Every yoga pose name in Sanskrit ends with asana (which is how you know a Sanskrit word is referring to the name of a pose)
Aura: Au-rah A metaphysical rainbow of light, the body’s external subtle energy field
Bandha: bAhn-da A body lock in yoga, the combination of muscles that are contracted and focused in order to direct energy flows
Bhakti: bAHk-ti Love and devotion, from the root word “bhaj” which means “to adore or worship God,” bhakti is love toward the Divine
Chandra: chun-drAh The moon, as in Ardha Chandrasana or Half Moon Pose
It is said that the language of Sanskrit itself arises from these very root sounds or vibrations of the Universe. The various vowels and consonants that make up Sanskrit words represent these core sounds, known as beej. Whilst in states of deep resonance with the cosmos (in other words, while in meditation), the Rishi could perceive these beej sounds; and from this profound sense of perception, they recognized the inherent sounds of each and every thing. A Sanskrit word, then, is not randomly chosen to name something, but an actual reflection of the inherent ‘sound’ of that object, concept or phenomena. In fact, proper, or rather, perfect, pronunciation of Sanskrit words, it is told, can replicate the exact nature, or essence, of that which it is referring too. It is also told that if one’s mind was utterly pure, then upon hearing this perfectly pronounced symbol, the Sanskrit word, the image of that object, idea, etc., would immediately appear within the mind and the ‘field of understanding’ of this individual, even if they had never seen or heard of this thing or idea before. Likewise, the perfect pronunciation of a Sanskrit word has the power to manifest and/or influence that particular thing.